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Childhood Life Events and the Risk of Breast Cancer
Bibliography

This bibliography is provided as a service to our readers. It is compiled from the entries in the BCERF Environmental Risk Factors Bibliographic Database.

This bibliography is arranged topically. The topics include:


Reviews:

Colditz, G. A., and Frazier, A. L. (1995). Models of breast cancer show that risk is set by events of early life: prevention efforts must shift focus. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 4, 567-571.

Hunter, D. J., and Willett, W. C. (1993). Diet, body size, and breast cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 15, 110-129.

Hunter, D. J., Spiegelman, D., Adami, H.-O., Brandt, P. A. v. d., Folsom, A. R., Goldbohm, R. A., Graham, S., Howe, G. R., Kushi, L. H., Marshall, J. R., Miller, A. B., Speizer, F. E., Willett, W., Wolk, A., and Yuan, S.-S. (1997). Non-dietary factors as risk factors for breast cancer, and as effect modifiers of the association of fat intake and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Causes and Control 8, 49-56.

Kelsey, J. L., and Horn-Ross, P. L. (1993). Breast cancer: magnitude of the problem and descriptive epidemiology. Epidemiologic Reviews 15, 7-16.

Kodama, M., and Kodama, T. (1981). Adolescence, a critical stage for the genesis of female cancers. Anticancer Research 1, 93-99.

Lipworth, L. (1995). Epidemiology of breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 4, 7-30.

Perera, F. P. (1996). Molecular epidemiology: insights into cancer susceptibility, risk assessment, and prevention. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 88, 496-509.

Waard, F. D., and Trichopoulos, D. (1988). A unifying concept of the aetiology of breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer 41, 666-669.

Migration Studies:

Haenszel, W., and Kurihara, M. (1968). Studies of Japanese migrants. Mortality from cancer and other diseases among Japanese in the United States. Journal of National Cancer Institute 40, 43-68.

Micozzi, M. S. (1987). Cross-cultural correlations of childhood growth and adult breast cancer. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 73, 525-537.

Shimizu, H., Ross, R. K., Bernstein, L., Yatani, R., Henderson, B. E., and Mack, T. M. (1991). Cancers of the prostrate and breast among Japanese and white immigrants in Los Angeles County. British Journal of Cancer 63, 963-966.

Ziegler, R. G., Hoover, R. N., Nomura, A. M. Y., West, D. W., Wu, A. H., Pike, M. C., Lake, A. J., Horn-Ross, P. L., Kolonel, L. N., Siiteri, P. K., and Fraumeni, J. F. (1996). Relative weight, weight change, height, and breast cancer risk in Asian-American women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 88, 650-660.

Age at Menarche:

Adami, H. O., Bergstrom, R., Lund, E., and Meirik, O. (1990). Absence of association between reproductive variables and the risk of breast cancer in young women in Sweden and Norway. British Journal of Cancer 62, 122-6.

Apter, D. (1996). Hormonal events during female puberty in relation to breast cancer risk. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 5, 476-482.

Apter, D., and Vihko, R. (1983). Early menarche, a risk factor for breast cancer, indicates early onset of ovulatory cycles. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 57, 82-86.

Chehab, F. F., Mounzih, K., Lu, R., and Lim, M. E. (1997). Early onset of reproductive function in normal female mice treated with leptin. Science 275, 88-90.

deRidder, C. M., Thihssen, J. H., Veer, P. V. t., Duuren, R. v., Bruning, P. F., Zonderland, M. L., and Erich, W. M. (1991). Dietary habits, sexual maturation, and plasma hormones in pubertal girls: a longitudinal study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54, 805-813.

Ellison, P. T. (1996). Developmental influences on adult ovarian hormonal function. American Journal of Human Biology 8, 725-734.

Frisch, R. E. (1994). The right weight: body fat, menarche, and fertility. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 53, 113-129.

Frisch, R. E., and McAruther, J. W. (1974). Menstrual cycles: fatness as a determinant of minimum weight for height necessary for their maintenance or onset. Science 185, 949-951.

Frisch, R. E., and Nagel, J. S. (1974). Prediction of adult height of girls form age of menarche and height at menarche. The Journal of Pediatrics 85, 838-841.

Frisch, R. E., and Revelle, R. (1970). Height and weight at menarche and a hypothesis of critical body weights and adolescent events. Science 169, 397-399.

Frisch, R. E., Wyshak, G., and Vincent, L. (1980). Delayed menarche and amenorrhea in ballet dancers. The New England Journal of Medicine 303, 17-19.

Herman-Giddens, M. E., Slora, E. J., Wasserman, R. C., Bourdony, C. J., Bhapkar, M. V., Koch, G. G., and Hasemeier, C. M. (1997). Secondary sexual characteristics and menses in young girls seen in office practice: A study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings Network. Pediatrics 98, 505-512.

Hsieh, C.-c., Trichopoulos, D., Katsouyanni, K., and Yuasa, S. (1990). Age at menarche, age at menopause, height and obesity as risk factors for breast cancer: associations and interactions in an international case-control study. International Journal of Cancer 46, 796-800.

Hughes, R. E., and Jones, E. (1985). Intake of dietary fiber and the age of menarche. Annals of Human Biology 12, 325-32.

Khan, A. D., Schroeder, D. G., Martorell, R., and J.A Rivera. (1995). Age at menarche and nutritional supplementation. American Institute of Nutrition 125, 1090s-1096s.

Khan, A., Schroeder, D. G., Martorell, R., Haas, J. D., and Rivera, J. (1996). Early childhood determinants of age at menarche in rural Guatemala. American Journal of Human Biology 8, 717-723.

Kissinger, D. G., and Sanchez, A. (1987). The association of dietary factors with the age of menarche. Nutrition Research 7, 471-479.

Kralj-Cercek, L. (1956). The influence of food, body build, and social origin on the age at menarche. Human Biology 28, 393-406.

Kvale, G., and Heuch, I. (1988). Menstrual factors and breast cancer risk. Cancer 62, 1625-1631.

Maclure, M., Travis, L. B., Willett, W., and MacMahon, B. (1991). A prospective cohort study of nutrient intake and age at menarche. American Journal of Clinical Research 54, 649-656.

MacMahon, B., Trichopoulos, D., Brown, J., Andersen, A. P., Aoki, K., Cole, P., deWaard, F., Kauraniemi, T., Morgan, R. W., Purde, M., Ravnihar, B., Stormby, N., Westlund, K., and Woo, N. C. (1982). Age at menarche, probability of ovulation and breast cancer risk. International Journal of Cancer 29, 13-16.

Malina, R. M. (1983). Menarche in athletes: a synthesis and hypothesis. Annals of Human Biology 10, 1-24.

Malina, R. M., Ryan, R. C., and Bonci, C. M. (1994). Age at menarche in athletes and their mothers and sisters. Annals of Human Biology 21, 417-422.

Merzenich, H., Boeing, H., and Wahrendorf, J. (1993). Dietary fat and sports activity as determinants for age at menarche. American Journal of Epidemiology 138, 217-224.

Meyer, F., Moison, J., Marcoux, D., and Bouchard, C. (1990). Dietary and physical determinants of menarche. Epidemiology 1, 377-381.

Moison, J., Meyer, F., and Gingras, S. (1990). Diet and age at menarche. Cancer Causes and Control 1, 149-154.

Moison, J., Meyer, F., and Gingras, S. (1990). A nested case-control study of the correlates of early menarche. American Journal of Epidemiology 132, 953-961.

Pathak, D. R., and Whittenmore, A. S. (1992). Combined effects of body size, parity, and menstrual events on breast cancer incidence in seven countries. American Journal of Epidemiology 135, 153-167.

Petridou, E., Syrigou, E., Toupadaki, N., Zavitsanos, X., Willet, W., and Trichopolous, D. (1996). Determinants of age at menarche as early life predictors of breast cancer risk. International Journal of Cancer. 68, 193-198.

Pike, M. C., Krailo, M. D., Henderson, B. E., Casagrande, J. T., and Hoel, D. G. (1983). Hormonal risk factors, breast tissue age and the age-incidence of breast cancer. Nature 303, 767-770.

Rees, M. (1993). Menarche, when and why? The Lancet 342, 1375-1376.

Sanchez, A., Kissinger, D. G., and Phillips, R. I. (1981). A hypothesis of the etiological role of diet and age of menarche. Medical Hypotheses 7, 1339-1345.

Schwartz, S. M., Wilson, M. E., Walker, M. L., and Collins, D. C. (1988). Dietary influences on growth and sexual maturation in premanarchial rhesus monkeys. Hormones and Behavior 22, 231-251.

Soriguer, F. G., Gonzalez-Romero, S., Esteva, I., Garcia-Arnes, J. A., Tinahones, F., Adana, M. S. R. d., Olveira, F., Mancha, I., and Vazques, F. (1995). Does the intake of nuts and seeds alter the appearance of menarche? Acta Obstetricia Gynecologica Scandinavica 74, 455-461.

Stager, J. M., Robertshaw, D., and Miescher, E. (1984). Delayed menarche in swimmers in relation to the age at onset of training and athletic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 16, 550-555.

Stoll, B. A., Vatten, L. J., and Kvinnsland, S. (1994). Does early physical maturity influence breast cancer risk? Acta Oncologica 33, 171-176.

Wierson, M., Long, P. J., and Forehand, R. L. (1993). Toward a new understanding of early menarche: the role of environmental stress in pubertal timing. Adolescence 28, 913-924.

Anthropometry:

Cleary, M. P., and Maihle, N. J. (1997). The role of body mass index in the relative risk of developing premenopausal versus postmenopausal breast cancer. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 216, 28-43.

deRidder, C. M., Bruning, P. F., Zonderland, M. L., Thijssen, J. H. H., Bonfrer, J. M. G., Blankenstein, M. A., Husiveld, I. A., and Erich, W. B. M. (1990). Body fat mass, body fat distribution, and plasma hormones in early puberty females. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 70, 888-893.

Dietz, W. H. (1997). Periods of risk in childhood for the development of adult obesity--What do we need to learn? Journal of Nutrition 127, 1884s-1886s.

Epstein, L. H., Valoski, A., Koeske, R., and Wing, R. R. (1986). Family-based behavioral weight control in obese young women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 86, 481-484.

Epstein, L. H., Valoski, A., Wing, R. R., and McCurley, J. (1990). Ten-year follow-up of behavioral family-based treatment for obese children. Journal of the American Medical Association 264, 2519-2523.

Garn, S. M., and LaVelle, M. (1985). Two-decade follow-up of fatness in early childhood. American Journal of Diseases in Children 139, 181-185.

Huang, Z., Hankinson, S. E., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Hunter, D. J., Manson, J. E., Hennekens, C. H., Rosner, B., Speizer, F. E., and Willett, W. C. (1997). Dual effects of weight and weight gain on breast cancer risk. Journal of the American Medical Association 278, 1407-1411.

Kaaks, R. (1996). Nutrition, hormones, and breast cancer: Is insulin the missing link? Cancer Causes and Control 7, 605-625.

Kazer, R. R. (1995). Insulin resistance, insulin-like growth factor I and breast cancer: a hypothesis. International Journal of Cancer 62, 403-406.

Li, C. I., Malone, K. E., White, E., and Daling, J. R. (1997). Age when maximum height is reached as a risk factor for breast cancer among young U.S. women. Epidemiology 8, 559-565

Lubin, F., Ruder, A. M., Wax, Y., and Modan, B. (1985). Overweight and changes in weight throughout adult life in breast cancer etiology. American Journal of Epidemiology 122, 579-588.

Marchand, L. L., Kolonel, L. N., Earle, M. E., and Mi, M.-P. (1988). Body size at different periods of life and breast cancer risk. American Journal of Epidemiology 128, 137-151.

Must, A., Jacques, P. F., Dallal, G. E., Bajema, C. J., and Dietz, W. H. (1992). Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. The New England Journal of Medicine 327, 1350-1355.

Siiteri, P. K. (1987). Adipose tissue as a source of hormones. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 45, 277-282.

Troisi, R. L., Wolf, A. M., Manson, J. E., Klinger, K. M., and Colditz, G. A. (1995). Relation of body fat distribution to reproductive factors in pre- and postmenopausal women. Obesity Research 3, 143-151.

Willett, W. C., Brown, M. L., Bain, C., Lipnick, R. J., Stampfer, M. J., Rosner, B., Colditz, G. A., Hennekens, C. H., and Speizer, F. E. (1985). Relative weight and risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women. American Journal of Epidemiology 122, 731-40.

Diet:

Clavel-Chapelon, F., Niravong, M., and Joseph, R. R. (1997). Diet and breast cancer: review of the epidemiologic literature. Cancer Detection and Prevention 21, 426-440.

Frankel, S., Gunnell, D. J., Peters, T. J., Maynard, M., and Smith, G. D. (1998). Childhood energy intake and adult mortality from cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort study. British Medical Journal 316, 499-503.

Freudenheim, J. L., and Potischman, N. (1996). Cancer. In Nutrition in Women's Health (Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen), pp. 463-496.

Gray, G. E., Pike, M. C., Hirayama, T., Tellez, J., Gerkins, V., Brown, J. B., Casagrande, J. T., and Henderson, B. E. (1982). Diet and hormone profiles in teenage girls in four countries at different risk for breast cancer. Preventive Medicine 11, 108-113.

Greenwald, P. (1996). The potential of dietary modification to prevent cancer. Preventive Medicine 25, 41-43.

Hislop, T. G., Coldman, A. J., Elwood, J. M., Brauer, G., and Kan, L. (1986). Childhood and recent eating patterns and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Detection and Prevention 9, 47-58.

Hunter, D. J., Spiegelman, D., Adami, H.-O., Beeson, L., Brandt, P. A. V. D., Folsom, A. R., Fraser, G. E., Goldbohm, R. A., Graham, S., Howe, G. R., Kushi, L. H., Marshall, J. R., McDermott, A., Miller, A. B., Speizer, F. E., Wolk, A., Yaun, S.-S., and Willett, W. (1996). Cohort studies of fat intake and the risk of breast cancer--a pooled analysis. The New England Journal of Medicine 334, 356-361.

Hunter, D. J., and Willett, W. C. (1996). Nutrition and breast cancer. Cancer Causes and Control 7, 56-68.

Ip, C., and Scimeca, J. A. (1997). Conjugated linoleic acid and linoleic acid are distinctive modulators of mammary carcinogenesis. Nutrition and Cancer 27, 131-135.

Ip, C., Scimeca, J. A., and Thompson, H. (1995). Effect of timing and duration of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on mammary cancer prevention. Nutrition and Cancer 24, 241-247.

Jarvinen, R., Knekt, P., Seppanen, R., and Teppo, L. (1997). Diet and breast cancer risk in a cohort of Finnish women. Cancer Letters 114, 251-253.

Knekt, P., Jarvinen, R., Seppanen, R., Pukkala, E., and Aromaa, A. (1996). Intake of dairy products and the risk of breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 73, 687-691.

Kohlmeier, L., Simonsen, N., and Mottus, K. (1995). Dietary modifiers of carcinogenesis. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 177-184.

Kohlmeier, L., and Mendez, M. (1997). Controversies surrounding diet and breast cancer. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 56, 369-382.

Lin, H., Boylston, T. D., Chang, M. J., Luedecke, L. O., and Shultz, T. D. (1995). Survey of the conjugated linoleic acid contents of dairy products. Journal of Dairy Science 78, 2358-2365.

Mettlin, C. (1992). Dietary cancer prevention in children. Cancer supplement 71, 3367-3369.

Miller, A. B., and Gaudette, L. A. (1996). Breast cancer in circumpolar Inuit 1969-1988. Acta Oncologica 35, 577-580.

Mills, P. K., Annegers, J. F., and Phillips, R. L. (1988). Animal product consumption and subsequent fatal breast cancer risk among Seventh-Day Adventists. American Journal of Epidemiology 127, 440-453.

Murrill, W. B., Brown, N. M., Zhang, J. X., Manzolillo, P. A., Barnes, S., and Lamartiniere, C. A. (1996). Prepubertal genistein exposure suppresses mammary cancer and enhances gland differentiation in rats. Carcinogenesis 17, 1451-1457.

Newmark, H. L. (1994). Viatmin D adequacy: a possible relationship to breast cancer. Diet and Breast Cancer, 109-114.

Pariza, M. W. (1987). Dietary fat, calorie restriction, ad libitum feeding, and cancer risk. Nutrition Reviews 45, 1-7.

Parodi, P. W. (1997). Cows' milk fat components as potential anticarcinogenic agents. The Journal of Nutrition 127, 1055-1060.

Pedersen, A. B., Bartholomew, M. J., A.Dolence, L., Aljadir, L. P., Nettburg, K. L., and Lloyd, T. (1991). Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, 879-885.

Persky, V. W., Chatterton, R. T., Horn, L. V. V., Grant, M. D., Langenberg, P., and Marvin, J. (1992). Hormone levels in vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenage girls: potential implications for breast cancer risk. Cancer Research 52, 578-583.

Potischman, N., Weiss, H. A., Swanson, C. A., Coates, R. J., Gammon, M. D., Malone, K. E., Brogan, D., Stanford, J. L., Hoover, R. N., and Brinton, L. A. (1998). Diet during adolescence and risk of breast cancer among young women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 90, 226-233.

Pryor, M., Slattery, M. L., Robison, L. M., and Egger, M. (1989). Adolescent diet and breast cancer in Utah. Cancer Research 49, 2161-2167.

Rose, D., Connolly, J. M., and Liu, X. (1997). Diet and breast cancer: opportunities for prevention and intervention. Etiology of Breast and Gynecological Cancers, 147-158.

Schedin, P. J., and Byers, T. (1997). Adolescent diet and the risk of breast cancer in adulthood: A role for vitamin A? Nutrition 13, 924-925.

Tretli, S., and Gaard, M. (1996). Lifestyle changes during adolescence and risk of breast cancer: an ecologic study of the effect of World War II in Norway. Cancer Causes and Control 7, 507-512.

Welsch, C. W. (1992). Relationship between dietary fat and experimental mammary tumorigenesis: a review and critique. Cancer Research (Suppl.) 52, 2040S-2048S.

Willett, W., and Stampfer, M. J. (1986). Total energy intake: implications for epidemiologic analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology 124, 17-27.

Willet, W. C., and Hunter, D. J. (1994). Prospective studies of diet and breast cancer. Cancer 74.

Willett, W. C. (1997). Nutrition and cancer. Salud Publica Mex 39, 298-309.

Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., Colditz, G. A., Rosner, B. A., Hennekens, C. H., and Speizer, F. E. (1987). Dietary fat and the risk of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 316, 22-28.

Exercise:

Bernstein, L., Ross, R. K., Lobo, R. A., Hanisch, R., Krailo, M. D., and Henderson, B. E. (1987). The effects of moderate physical activity on menstrual cycle patterns in adolescence: Implications for breast cancer prevention. British Journal of Cancer 55, 681-685.

Bernstein, L., Henderson, B. E., Hanisch, R., Sullivan-Halley, J., and Ross, R. K. (1994). Physical exercise and reduced risk of breast cancer in young women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86, 1403-1408.

Chen, C.-L., White, E., Malone, K. E., and Daling, J. R. (1997). Leisure-time physical activity in relation to breast cancer among young women (Washington, United States). Cancer Causes and Control 8, 77-84.

Friedenreich, C. M., and Rohan, T. E. (1995). A review of physical activity and breast cancer. Epidemiology 6, 311-317.

Frisch, R. E., Wyshak, G., Albright, N. L., Albright, T. E., Schiff, I., Jones, K. P., Witschi, J., Shiang, E., Koff, E., and Marguglio, M. (1985). Lower prevalence of breast cancer and cancers of the reproductive system among former college athletes compared to non-athletes. British Journal of Cancer 52, 885-891.

Gammon, M. D., John, E. M., and Britton, J. A. (1998). Recreation and occupational physical activities and risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 90, 100-117.

McTiernan, A. (1997). Editorial-- Exercise and breast cancer - time to get moving? The New England Journal of Medicine 336, 1311-1312.

Mittendorf, R., Longnecker, M. P., Newcomb, P. A., Dietz, A. T., Greenberg, E. R., Bogdan, G. F., Clapp, R. W., and Willett, W. C. (1995). Strenuous physical activity in young adulthood and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Causes and Control 6, 347-353.

Thune, I., Brenn, T., Lund, E., and Gaard, M. (1997). Physical activity and the risk of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 336, 1269-1275, 1311.

Adolescent behaviors

Smoking:

Bennicke, K., Conrad, C., Sabroe, S., and Sorensen, H. T. (1995). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. British Medical Journal 310, 1431-1433.

Brinton, L. A., Schairer, C., Stanford, J. L., and Hoover, R. N. (1986). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 123, 614-622.

Chu, S. Y., Stroup, N. E., Wingo, P. A., Lee, N. C., Peterson, H. B., and Gwinn, M. L. (1990). Cigarette smoking and the risk of breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 131, 244-253.

London, S. J., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Willett, W. C., Rosner, B. A., and Speizer, F. E. (1989). Prospective study of smoking and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 81, 1625-1631.

Palmer, J. R., Rosenberg, L., Clarke, A., Stolley, P. D., Warshauer, M. E., Zauber, A. G., and Shapiro., S. (1991). Breast cancer and cigarette smoking: a hypothesis. American Journal of Epidemiology 134, 1-13.

Smith, S. J., Deacon, J. M., and Chilvers, C. E. D. (1994). Alcohol, smoking, passive smoking and caffeine in relation to breast cancer risk in young women. British Journal of Medicine 70, 112-119.

Alcohol:

Bowlin, S. J., Leske, M. C., Varma, A., Nasca, P., Weinstein, A., and Caplan, L. (1997). Breast cancer risk and alcohol consumption: results from a large case-control study. International -Journal of Epidemiology 26, 915-923.

Harvey, E. B., Schairer, C., Brinton, L. A., Hoover, R. N., and Fraumeni, J. F. (1987). Alcohol consumption and breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 78, 657-661.

Hiatt, R. A., Klatsky, A. L., and Armstrong, M. A. (1988). Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer in a prepaid health plan. Cancer Research 48, 2284-2287.

Holmberg, L., Baron, J., Byers, T., Wolk, A., Ohlander, E., Zack, M., and Adami, H. (1995). Alcohol intake and breast cancer risk: Effect of exposure from 15 years of age. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention 4, 843-847.

Katsouyanni, K., Trichopoulou, A., Stuver, S., Vassilaros, S., Papadiamantis, Y., Bournas, N., Skarpou, N., Mueller, N., and Trichopoulos, D. (1994). Ethanol and breast cancer: An association that may be both confounded and causal. International Journal of Cancer 58, 356-361.

LaVecchia, C., Decarli, A., Franceschi, S., Pampallona, S., and Tognoni, G. (1985). Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer in women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 75, 61-65.

Longnecker, M. P., Newcomb, P. A., Mittendorf, R., Greenberg, E. R., Clapp, R. W., Bogdan, G. F., Baron, J., MacMahon, B., and Willett, W. C. (1995). Risk of breast cancer in relation to lifetime alcohol consumption. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 87, 923-929.

Longnecker, M. P., Newcomb, P. A., R.Mittendorf, Greenberg, E. R., Clapp, R. W., Bogdan, G., Willett, W. C., and MacMahon, B. (1992). Risk of breast cancer in relation to past and recent alcohol consumption. American Journal of Epidemiology 136, 1001.

Longnecker, M. P., Paganini-Hill, A., and Ross, R. K. (1995). Lifetime alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women in Los Angeles. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 4, 721-725.

Nasca, P. C., Baptiste, M. S., Field, N. A., Metzger, B. B., Black, M., Kwon, C. S., and Jacobson, H. (1990). An epidemiological case-control study of breast cancer and alcohol consumption. International Journal of Epidemiology 19, 532-538.

Ranstam, I., and Olsson, H. (1995). Alcohol, cigarette smoking, and the risk of breast cancer. Cancer Detection and Prevention 19, 487-493.

Smith, S. J., Deacon, J. M., and Chilvers, C. E. D. (1994). Alcohol, smoking, passive smoking and caffeine in relation to breast cancer risk in young women. British Journal of Medicine 70, 112-119.

Veer, P. V. t., Kok, F. J., Hermus, R. J. J., and Sturmans, F. (1989). Alcohol dose, frequency and age at first exposure in relation to the risk of breast cancer. Journal of Epidemiology 18, 511-517.

Young, T. B. (1989). A case-control study of breast cancer and alcohol consumption habits. Cancer 64, 552-558.

Oral Contraceptives:

Brinton, L., Gammon, M., Malone, K., Schoenberg, J., Daling, J., and Coates, R. (1997). Modification of oral contraceptive relationships on breast cancer risk by selected factors among younger women. Contraception 55, 197-203.

Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer (1996). Breast cancer and hormonal contraceptives: collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 53,297 women with breast cancer and 100,239 women without breast cancer from 54 epidemiological studies. The Lancet 347, 1713-1727.

Tryggvadottir, L., Tulinius, H., and Gudmundsdottir, G. B. (1997). Oral contraceptive use at a young age and the risk of breast cancer: an Icelandic, population-based cohort study of the effect of birth year. British Journal of Cancer 75, 139-143.

White, E., Malone, K. E., Weiss, N. S., and Daling, J. R. (1994). Breast cancer among young U.S. women in relation to oral contraceptive use. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86, 505-514.

Environmental factors

Radiation:

Beaty, O., Hudson, M., Greenwald, C., Luo, X., Fang, L., Wilimas, J., Thompson, E., Kun, L., and Pratt, C. (1995). Subsequent malagnancies in children and adolescents after treatment for Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Clinical Oncology 13, 603-609.

Bhatia, S., Robison, L. L., Oberlin, O., Greenberg, M., Bunin, G., Fossati-Bellani, F., and Meadows, A. T. (1996). Breast cancer and other second neoplasms after childhood Hodgkin's Disease. New England Journal of Medicine 334, 745-751.

Hoffman, D. A., Lonstein, J. E., Morin, M. M., Wisscher, W., III, B. S. H. H., and John D. Boice, J. (1989). Breast cancer in women with scoliosis exposed to multiple diagnostic x rays. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 81, 1307-1312.

Levy, A. R., Goldberg, M. S., Mayo, N. E., Hanley, J. A., and Poitras, B. (1996). Reducing the lifetime risk of cancer from spinal radiographs among people with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 21, 1540-1548.

Miller, R. W. (1995). Special susceptibility of the child to certain radiation-induced cancers. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 41-44.

Puskin, J. S., and Nelson, C. B. (1995). Estimates of radiogenic cancer risks. Health Physics 69, 93-101.

Tokunaga, M., Land, C. E., and Yamamoto, T. (1987). Incidence of female breast cancer among atomic bomb survivors, Hiroshima and Naasaki, 1950-1980. Radiation Research 112, 243-272.

Pesticides:

Leiss, J. K., and Savitz, D. A. (1995). Home pesticide use and childhood cancer: a case-control study. American Journal of Public Health 85, 249-252.

Lewis, R. G., Fortmann, R. C., and Camann, D. E. (1994). Evaluation of methods for monitoring the potential exposure of small children to pesticides in the residential environment. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 26, 37-46.

National Research Council. (1993). Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press).

Simcox, N. J., Fenske, R. A., Wolz, S. A., Lee, I.-C., and Kalman, D. A. (1995). Pesticides in household dust and soil: Exposure pathways for children of agricultural families. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 1126-1134.

Zahm, S. H., and Devesa, S. S. (1995). Childhood cancer: overview of incidence trends and environmental carcinogens. Environmental Health Perspective 103, 177-184.

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Prepared by Julie Napieralski, Ph.D., Research Associate., BCERF.

We will make every effort to update this bibliography. If you have comments on this bibliography, or have a suggestion of a reference you would like us to review for inclusion in the bibliography, please send this information via email to: breastcancer@cornell.edu