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The BCERF program on the Cancer Risks of Environmental Chemicals in the Home and Workplace closed on March 31, 2010. No further updates will be made to this web site. Please go Cornell University’s eCommons web site to access BCERF’s archived research and educational materials (

Pesticide Residue Monitoring and Food Safety

This bibliography is provided as a service to our readers. It is compiled from the entries in the BCERF Environmental Risk Factors Bibliographic Database.

This bibliography is arranged topically. The topics include:

Consumer Hotlines and Resources for Information

The FDA Food Information and Seafood hotline: 1-800-332-4010

The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Services: 1-800-535-4555

The Office of Pesticide Programs, EPA: 703 305-5017 or

The National Pesticide Telecommunications Network: 1-800-858-7378 or

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration: 202 205-5275

USDA's Pesticide Data Program:

FDA's Residue Monitoring Report: or request a reprint: Norma J. Yess, Food and Drug Administration Division of Programs and Enforcement Policy, HFS-308, 200 C St., SW, Washington, DC 20204

The NAS Report "Pesticides in the Diet of Infants and Children":

IPM in New York State: or by mail: IPM Program Office, New York State Agricultural Experimental Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456

Cornell Cooperative Extension:, or call your local or county cooperative extension agent's office

Results from FDA Surveys

Gunderson, E. L. (1995). Dietary intakes of pesticides, selected elements, and other chemicals: FDA Total Diet Study, June 1984-1986. Journal of AOAC International 78, 910-921.

Gunderson, E. L. (1995). FDA Total Diet Study, July 1986-April 1991, dietary intakes of pesticides, selected elements, and other chemicals. Journal of AOAC International 78, 1353-1363.

Pennington, J. A. T. (1992). The 1990 revision of the FDA Total Diet Study. Journal of Nutrition Education 24, 173-178.

Pennington, J. A. T. (1992). Total Diet Studies: the identification of core foods in the United States food supply. Food Additives and Contaminants 9, 253-264.

Yess, N. J., Houston, M. G., and Gunderson, E. L. (1991). Food and Drug Administration pesticide residue monitoring of foods: 1978-1982. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 74, 265-272.

Organic Food Cultivation Practices and Regulations

FAQ about Organic:

Fernandez-Cornejo, J., Greene, C., Penn, R., and Newton, D. (1998). Organic vegetable production in the U.S.: Certified growers and practices. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 13, 69-78.

Fisher, B. E. (1999). Organic: What's in the name? Environmental Health Perspectives 107, A150-A153.

National Organic Program Proposed Rule:

Regulations on Imported Food

Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards Report:

U.S. Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues:

Imports and FDA:

Backgrounder-International Food Regulation:

Risk Assessment and Public Perception

Chipman, H., Kendall, P., Auld, G., Slater, M., and Keefe, T. (1995). Consumer reaction to a risk/benefit/option message about agricultural chemicals in the food supply. The Journal of Consumer Affairs 29, 144-163.

Coleman, C. L. (1993). The influence of mass media and interpersonal communication on societal and personal risk judgments. Communication Research 20, 611-628.

Copley, M. P. (1997). Environmental protection agency risk assessment-process and toxicologic pathology. Toxicologic Pathology 25, 68-71.

Fineberg, H. V. (1998). Improving public understanding: Guidelines for communicating emerging science on nutrition, food safety, and health. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 90, 194-199.

Hotchkiss, J. H. (1992). Pesticide residue controls to ensure food safety. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 31, 191-203.

Juanillo Jr, N. K., and Scherer, C. W. (1995). Attaining a state of informed judgments: Toward a dialectical discourse on risk. In Communication Yearbook 18, B. R. Burleson, ed. (Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications Inc.), pp. 278-299.

Lecos, C. (1984). Pesticides and food: Public worry No. 1. FDA Consumer, 12-15.

Major Issues In the Food Quality Protection Act: http://www.epa/oppfead1/fqpa-iss.html

Molotsky, I. (1998). Clinton to appoint council to oversee safety of food. In New York Times (New York, pp. A15.

Schmidt, C. W. (1999). Safe food, an all-consuming issue. Environmental Health Perspectives 107, A144-A149.

WHO. (1987). Environmental Health Criteria 70; Principles for the safety assessment of food additives and contaminants in food (Geneva: World Health Organization).

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Prepared by Renu Gandhi, Ph.D., Research Associate

We will make every effort to update this bibliography. If you have comments on this bibliography, or have a suggestion of a reference you would like us to review for inclusion in the bibliography, please send this information via email to: