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Smoking and the Risk of Breast Cancer
Bibliography

This bibliography is provided as a service to our readers. It is compiled from the entries in the BCERF Environmental Risk Factors Bibliographic Database.

This bibliography is arranged topically. The topics include:


Reviews & Commentaries

Ambrosone, C. B. (2001). Impact of Genetics on the Relationship between Smoking and Breast Cancer Risk. Journal of Women's Cancer 3, 17-22.

Amir, L. H. (2000). Active and passive cigarette smoking and breast cancer: Is a real risk emerging? Medical Journal of Australia 173, 391-392.

Baron, J. A. (1996). Beneficial effects of nicotine and cigarette smoking: the real, the possible and the spurious. British Medical Bulletin 52, 58-73.

Baron, J. A. (2001). Breast Cancer, Hormone-Related Disorders and Cigarette Smoking. Journal of Women's Cancer 3, 23-28.

Baron, J. A., La Vecchia, C., and Levi, F. (1990). The antiestrogenic effect of cigarette smoking in women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 162, 502-514.

Brownson, R. C., Eriksen, M. P., Davis, R. M., and Warner, K. E. (1997). Environmental tobacco smoke: health effects and policies to reduce exposure. Annual Review of Public Health 18, 163-185.

Burton, R. C., and Sulaiman, N. (2000). Active and passive cigarette smoking and breast cancer: Is a real risk emerging? Medical Journal of Australia 172, 550-552.

DeBruin, L. S., and Josephy, P. D. (2002). Perspectives on the chemical etiology of breast cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives 110, 119-128.

Ernster, V. L. (1988). Trends in smoking, cancer risk, and cigarette promotion. Current priorities for reducing tobacco exposure. Cancer 62, 1702-1712.

Fogelholm, R. (1996). Cancer among airline cabin attendants: Risk due to active and passive smoking should have been mentioned. British Medical Journal 312, 53; discussion 53-54.

Friedenreich, C. M., Bryant, H. E., Alexander, F., Hugh, J., Danyluk, J., and Page, D. L. (2001). Risk factors for benign breast biopsies: A nested case-control study in the Alberta breast screening program. Cancer Detection and Prevention 25, 280-291.

Hancock, L., Sanson-Fisher, R., Redman, S., Reid, A., and Tripodi, T. (1996). Knowledge of cancer risk reduction practices in rural towns of New South Wales. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 20, 529-537.

Harris, C. C. (2001). Tobacco Smoking and Cancer Risk in Women. Journal of Women's Cancer 3, 1-4.

Henningfield, J. E., and Fant, R. V. (1999). Tobacco use as drug addiction: The scientific foundation. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 1, S31-35.

Hirayama, T. (2000). Non-smoking wives of heavy smokers have a higher risk of lung cancer: A study from Japan. 1981. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78, 940-942.

Hoffmann, D., Hoffmann, I., and El-Bayoumy, K. (2001). The less harmful cigarette: A controversial issue. A tribute to Ernst L. Wynder. Chemical Research in Toxicology 14, 767-790.

Horton, A. W. (1988). Indoor tobacco smoke pollution. A major risk factor for both breast and lung cancer? Cancer 62, 6-14.

Jay, S. J. (1998). Smoking as a risk factor for breast cancer in women. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 48, 190-191.

Johnson, K. C. (2001a). Re: Passive smoking exposure and female breast cancer mortality. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 93, 719-720; discussion 720-721.

Johnson, K. C. (2001b). Risk factors for breast cancer. Smoking may be important. British Medical Journal 322, 365.

Karnath, B. (2002). Smoking cessation. American Journal of Medicine 112, 399-405.

Kawachi, I., and Colditz, G. A. (1996). Invited commentary: Confounding, measurement error, and publication bias in studies of passive smoking. American Journal of Epidemiology 144, 909-915.

Kilpatrick, S. J., Jr. (1992). Re: "Prenatal exposure to parents' smoking and childhood cancer". American Journal of Epidemiology 135, 712; discussion 714-715.

Laden, F., and Hunter, D. J. (1998). Environmental risk factors and female breast cancer. Annual Review of Public Health 19, 101-123.

Lee, P. N. (1998). Difficulties in assessing the relationship between passive smoking and lung cancer. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 7, 137-163.

Lee, P. N. (2002). Environmental tobacco smoke and cancer of sites other than the lung in adult non-smokers. Food and Chemical Toxicology 40, 747-766.

Lemon, H. M. (1992). Re: "Breast cancer and cigarette smoking: a hypothesis". American Journal of Epidemiology 135, 1184-1185.

Lemon, H. M. (1994). Decreased cardiovascular disease and increasing cancer. Journal of the American Medical Association 272, 199; discussion 199-200.

Loewen, G. M., and Romano, C. F. (1989). Lung cancer in women. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 21, 319-321.

Mantel, N. (1992). Re: Breast cancer, cigarette smoking, and passive smoking. American Journal of Epidemiology 135, 710-712.

Miller, G. H. (1990). The impact of passive smoking: Cancer deaths among nonsmoking women. Cancer Detection and Prevention 14, 497-503.

Morabia, A. (2002). Smoking (active and passive) and breast cancer: Epidemiologic evidence up to June 2001. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 39, 89-95.

Morabia, A., Ambrosone, C. B., Baron, J. A., Phillips, D. H., and Russo, I. H. (2001). What Do We Currently Know About the Epidemiological and Biological Plausibility of the Association of Smoking and Breast Cancer? Journal of Women's Cancer 3, 5-8.

Morabia, A., Bernstein, M., and Heritier, S. (1998). Re: Smoking and breast cancer: reconciling the epidemiologic evidence by accounting for passive smoking and/or genetic susceptibility. American Journal of Epidemiology 147, 992-993.

Nelson, E. (2001). The miseries of passive smoking. Human and Experimental Toxicology 20, 61-83.

Palmer, J. R., and Rosenberg, L. (1993). Cigarette smoking and the risk of breast cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 15, 145-156.

Panico, S., Dello Iacovo, R., Celentano, E., Galasso, R., Muti, P., Salvatore, M., and Mancini, M. (1992). Progetto ATENA, a study on the etiology of major chronic diseases in women: Design, rationale and objectives. European Journal of Epidemiology 8, 601-608.

Peto, J. (1992). Meta-analysis of epidemiological studies of carcinogenesis. IARC Scientific Publications, 571-577.

Phillips, D. H., Martin, F. L., Grover, P. L., and Williams, J. A. (2001). Toxicological Basis for a Possible Association of Breast Cancer with Smoking and other Sources of Environmental Carcinogens. Journal of Women's Cancer 3, 9-16.

Silagy, C., Lancaster, T., Stead, L., Mant, D., and Fowler, G. (2001). Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD000146.

Tajima, K., Hirose, K., Ogawa, H., Yoshida, M., and Ohta, M. (1990). [Hospital epidemiology--a comparative case control study of breast and cervical cancers]. Gan No Rinsho Japanese Journal of Cancer Clinics Spec, 351-364.

Tisevich, D. A. (1994). Congress focuses on mammography and health care reform legislation. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86, 1050-1052.

Weisberg, E. (1985). Smoking and reproductive health. Clinical Reproduction and Fertility 3, 175-186.

Wells, A. J. (1991). Breast cancer, cigarette smoking, and passive smoking. American Journal of Epidemiology 133, 208-210.

Wells, A. J. (1998). Re: "Breast cancer, cigarette smoking, and passive smoking". American Journal of Epidemiology 147, 991-992.

Wells, A. J. (2001). Re: Passive smoking exposure and female breast cancer mortality. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 93, 717-719; discussion 720-721.

Whidden, P. (1998). Re: Relation of breast cancer with passive and active exposure to tobacco smoke. American Journal of Epidemiology 147, 994.

Williams, F. L., and Lloyd, O. L. (1989). Associations between data for male lung cancer and female breast cancer within five countries. Cancer 64, 1764-1768.

Witschi, H., Joad, J. P., and Pinkerton, K. E. (1997). The Toxicology of Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 37, 29-52.

Wynder, E. L., Cohen, L. A., Rose, D. P., and Stellman, S. D. (1994). Dietary fat and breast cancer: where do we stand on the evidence? Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 47, 217-222; discussion 223-230.

Epidemiological Studies

Adami, H. O., Lund, E., Bergstrom, R., and Meirik, O. (1988). Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer in young women. British Journal of Cancer 58, 832-837.

Ambrosone, C. B., Freudenheim, J. L., Graham, S., Marshall, J. R., Vena, J. E., Brasure, J. R., Michalek, A. M., Laughlin, R., Nemoto, T., Gillenwater, K. A., et al. (1996). Cigarette smoking, N-acetyltransferase 2 genetic polymorphisms, and breast cancer risk. Journal of the American Medical Association 276, 1494-1501.

Baron, J. A., Byers, T., Greenberg, E. R., Cummings, K. M., and Swanson, M. (1986). Cigarette smoking in women with cancers of the breast and reproductive organs. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 77, 677-680.

Baron, J. A., Comi, R. J., Cryns, V., Brinck-Johnsen, T., and Mercer, N. G. (1995). The effect of cigarette smoking on adrenal cortical hormones. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Theraputics 272, 151-155.

Bennicke, K., Conrad, C., Sabroe, S., and Sorensen, H. T. (1995). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. British Medical Journal 310, 1431-1433.

Brinton, L. A., Schairer, C., Stanford, J. L., and Hoover, R. N. (1986). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 123, 614-622.

Calle, E. E., Miracle-McMahill, H. L., Thun, M. J., and Heath, C. W., Jr. (1994). Cigarette smoking and risk of fatal breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 139, 1001-1007.

Chu, S. Y., Stroup, N. E., Wingo, P. A., N.C., L., Peterson, H. B., and Gwinn, M., L. (1990). Cigarette smoking and the risk of breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 131, 244-253.

Couch, F. J., and al., e. (2001). Cigarette smoking increases risk for breast cancer in high-risk breast cancer families. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 10, 327-332.

Delfino, R. J., Smith, C., West, J. G., Lin, H. J., White, E., Liao, S. Y., Gim, J. S., Ma, H. L., Butler, J., and Anton-culver, H. (2000). Breast cancer, passive and active cigarette smoking and n-acetyltransferase 2 genotype. Pharmacogenetics 10, 461-469.

Egan, K. M., and al., e. (2002). Active and passive smoking in breast cancer: prospective results form the Nurses' Health Study. Epidemiology 13, 138-145.

Ewertz, M. (1990). Smoking and breast cancer risk in Denmark. Cancer Causes and Control 1, 31-37.

Ewertz, M. (1993). Breast cancer in Denmark. Incidence, risk factors, and characteristics of survival. Acta Oncologica 32, 595-615.

Field, N. A., Baptiste, M. S., Nasca, P. C., and Metzger, B. B. (1992). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. International Journal of Epidemiology 21, 842-848.

Gammon, M. D., Hibshoosh, H., Terry, M. B., Bose, S., Schoenberg, J. B., Brinton, L. A., Bernstein, J. L., and Thompson, W. D. (1999). Cigarette smoking and other risk factors in relation to p53 expression in breast cancer among young women. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 8, 255-263.

Gammon, M. D., Schoenberg, J. B., Teitelbaum, S. L., Brinton, L. A., Potischman, N., Swanson, C. A., Brogan, D. J., Coates, R. J., Malone, K. E., and Stanford, J. L. (1998). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer risk among young women (United States). Cancer Causes and Control 9, 583-590.

Greenberg, E., Vessey, M., McPherson, K., Doll, R., and Yeates, D. (1985). Body size and survival in premenopausal breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 51, 691-697.

Hiatt, R. A., and Fireman, B. H. (1986). Smoking, menopause, and breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 76, 833-838.

Hiatt, R. A., Klatsky, A. L., and Armstrong, M. A. (1988). Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer in a prepaid health plan. Cancer Research 48, 2284-2287.

Hirayama, T. (1984). Cancer mortality in nonsmoking women with smoking husbands based on a large-scale cohort study in Japan. Preventive Medicine 13, 680-690.

Horton, A. W. (1992). Epidemiologic evidence for the role of indoor tobacco smoke as an initiator of human breast carcinogenesis. Cancer Detect Prevention 16, 119-127.

Ishibe, N., Hankinson, S. E., Colditz, G. A., Spiegelman, D., Willett, W. C., Speizer, F. E., Kelsey, K. T., and Hunter, D. J. (1998). Cigarette smoking, cytochrome p450 1a1 polymorphisms, and breast cancer irsk in the Nurses' Health Study. Cancer Researcher 58, 667-671.

Jee, S. H., Ohrr, H., and Kim, I. S. (1999). Effects of husbands' smoking on the incidence of lung cancer in Korean women. International Journal of Epidemiology 28, 824-828.

Johnson, K. C., Hu, J., and Mao, Y. (2000). Passive and active smoking and breast cancer risk in Canada, 1994-97. Cancer Causes and Control 11, 211-221.

Khuder, S., and Jr., S. V. (2000). Is there an association between passive smoking and breast cancer? European Journal of Epidemiology 16, 1117-1121.

Lash, T. L., and Aschengrau, A. (1999). Active and passive cigarette smoking and the occurrence of breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 149, 5-12.

London, S. J., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Willett, W. C., Rosner, B. A., and Speizer, F. E. (1989). Prospective study of smoking and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 81, 1625-1631.

Manjer, J., Andersson, I., Berglund, G., Bondesson, L., Garne, J. P., Janzon, L., Malina, J., and Matson, S. (2000a). Survival of women with breast cancer in relation to smoking. European Journal of Surgery 166, 852-858.

Manjer, J., Berglund, G., Bondesson, L., Garne, J. P., Janson, L., and Malina, J. (2000b). Breast cancer incidence in relation to smoking cessation. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 61, 121-129.

Marcus, P. M., Newman, B., Milikan, R. C., Moorman, P. G., Baird, D. D., and Qaqish, B. (2000). The associations of adolescent cigarette smoking, alcoholic beverage consumption, environmental tobacco smoke, and ionizing radiation with subsequent breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes and Control 11, 271-278.

Meara, J., McPherson, K., Roberts, M., Jones, L., and Vessey, M. (1989). Alcohol, cigarette smoking and breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 60, 70-73.

Meek, M. D., and Finch, G. L. (1999). Diluted mainstream cigarette smoke condensates activate estrogen receptor and aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated gene transcription. Environmental Research 80, 9-17.

Millikan, R. C., Pittman, G. S., Newman, B., Tse, C.-K. J., Selmin, O., Rockhill, B., Savitz, D., Moorman, P. G., and Bell, D. A. (1998). Cigarette smoking, N-acetyltransferases 1 and 2, and breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 7, 371-378.

Moolgavkar, S. H., Dewanji, A., and Luebeck, G. (1989). Cigarette smoking and lung cancer: reanalysis of the British doctors' data. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 81, 415-420.

Morabia, A., Bernstein, M., Heritier, S., and Khatchatrian, N. (1996). Relation of breast cancer with passive and active exposure to tobacco smoke. American Journal of Epidemiology 143, 918-928.

Morabia, A., Bernstein, M., Ruiz, J., Heritier, S., Diebold Berger, S., and Borisch, B. (1998). Relation of smoking to breast cancer by estrogen receptor status. International Journal of Cancer 75, 339-342.

Morabia, A., Bernstein, M. S., Bouchardy, I., Kurtz, J., and Morris, M. A. (2000). Breast cancer and active and passive smoking: the role of the N-acetyltransferase 2 genotype. American Journal of Epidemiology 152, 226-232.

Munger, R., Folsom, A., Kushi, L., Kaye, S., and Sellers, T. A. (1992). Dietary assessment of older Iowa women with a food frequency questionaire: nutrient intake, reproducibility, and comparison with 24-hour dietary recall interviews. American Journal of Epidemiology 136, 192-200.

Murin, s., and Inciardi, J. (2001). Cigarette smoking and the risk of pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer. Chest 119, 1635-1640.

Nishino, Y., and al., e. (2001). Passive smoking at home and cancer risk: a population -based prospective study in Japanese nonsmoking women. Cancer Causes and Control 12, 797-802.

Nordlund, L. A., Cartstensen, J. M., and Pershagen, G. (1997). Cancer incidence in female smokers: a 26-year follow-up. International Journal of Cancer 73, 625-628.

O'Connell, D. L., Hulka, B. S., Chambless, L. E., Wilkinson, W. E., and Deubner, D. C. (1987). Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and breast cancer risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 78, 229-234.

Palmer, J. R., Rosenberg, L., Clarke, A., Stolley, P. D., Warshauer, M. E., Zauber, A. G., and Shapiro., S. (1991). Breast cancer and cigarette smoking: A hypothesis. American Journal of Epidemiology 134, 1-13.

Pirkle, J. L., Flegal, K. M., Bernert, J. T., Brody, D. J., Etzel, R. A., and Maurer, K. R. (1996). Exposure of the US population to environmental tobacco smoke: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1991. JAMA 275, 1233-1240.

Puntoni, R., Toninelli, F., Zhankui, L., and Bonassi, S. (1995). Mathematical modelling in risk/exposure assessment of tobacco related lung cancer. Carcinogenesis 16, 1465-1471.

Ranstam, I., and Olsson, H. (1995). Alcohol, cigarette smoking, and the risk of breast cancer. Cancer Detection and Prevention 19, 487-493.

Rohan, T. E., and Baron, J. A. (1989). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 129, 36-42.

Rosenberg, L., Schwingl, P. J., Kaufman, D. W., Miller, D. R., Helmrich, S. P., Stolley, P. D., Schottenfeld, D., and Shapiro, S. (1984). Breast cancer and cigarette smoking. New England Journal of Medicine 310, 92-94.

Ruh, M. F., Taylor, J. A., Howlett, A. C., and Welshons, W. V. (1997). Failure of cannabinoid compounds to stimulate estrogen receptors. Biochemical Pharmacology 53, 35-41.

Rundle, A., Tang, D., Hibshoosh, H., Estabrook, A., Schnabel, F., Cao, W., Grumet, S., and Perera, F. P. (2000). The relationship between genetic damage from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in breast tissue and breast cancer. Carcinogenesis 21, 1281-1289.

Sandler, D. P., and al., e. (1985). Cancer risk in adulthood from early life exposure to parents' smoking. American Journal of Public Health 75, 487-492.

Sandler, D. P., Everson, R. B., and Wilcox, A. J. (1985a). Passive smoking in adulthood and cancer risk. American Journal of Epidemiology 121, 37-48.

Sandler, D. P., Wilcox, A. J., and Everson, R. B. (1985b). Cumulative effects of lifetime passive smoking on cancer risk. Lancet.

Scanlon, E. F., Suh, O., Murthy, S. M., Mettlin, C., Reid, S. E., and Cummings, K. M. (1995). Influence of smoking on the development of lung metastases from breast cancer. Cancer 75, 2693-2699.

Schatzkin, A., Piantadosi, S., Miccozzi, M., and Bartee, D. (1989). Alcohol consumption and breast cancer: a cross-national correlation study. International Journal of Epidemiology 18, 28-31.

Schechter, M. T., Miller, A. B., and Howe, G. R. (1985). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer: a case-control study of screening program participants. American Journal of Epidemiology 121, 479-487.

Schechter, M. T., Miller, A. B., Howe, G. R., Baines, C. J., Craib, K. J., and Wall, C. (1989). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer: case-control studies of prevalent and incident cancer in the Canadian National Breast Screening Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 130, 213-220.

Smith, S. J., Deacon, J. M., and Chilvers, C. E. D. (1994). Alcohol, smoking, passive smoking and caffeine in relation to breast cancer risk in young women. British J Cancer 70, 112-119.

Stockwell, H. G., and Lyman, G. H. (1987). Cigarette smoking and the risk of female reproductive cancer. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 157, 35-40.

Vatten, L., Foss, O., and Kvinnsland, S. (1991). Overall survival of breast cancer patients in relation to preclinically determined total serum cholesterol, body mass index, height and cigarette smoking: a population-based study. European Journal of Cancer 27, 641-646.

Wartenberg, D., Calle, E. E., Thun, M. J., Heath, C. W., Lally, C., and Woodruff, T. (2000). Passive smoking exposure and female breast cancer mortality. Journal of National Cancer Institute 92, 1666-1673.

Yu, G., Ostroff, J., Zhang, Z., Tang, J., and Schantz, S. (1997). Smoking history and cancer patient survival: a hospital cancer registry study. Cancer Detection and Prevention 21, 497-509.

Zhang, Z. F., Morgenstern, H., Spitz, M. R., Tashkin, D. P., Yu, G. P., Marshall, J. R., Hsu, T. C., and Schantz, S. P. (1999). Marijuana use and increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 8, 1071-1078.

Zheng, W., Deitz, A. C., Campbell, R., Wen, W. Q., Cerhan, J. R., Sellers, T. A., Folsom, A. R., and Hein, D. W. (1999). N-acetyltransferase I genetic polymorphism, cigarette smoking, well-done meat intake, and breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 8, 233-239.

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Prepared by Barbour S. Warren, Ph.D.

We will make every effort to update this bibliography. If you have comments on this bibliography, or have a suggestion of a reference you would like us to review for inclusion in the bibliography, please send this information via email to: breastcancer@cornell.edu