Skip to main content
         

ATTENTION: THIS IS AN ARCHIVAL WEB SITE.


The BCERF program on the Cancer Risks of Environmental Chemicals in the Home and Workplace closed on March 31, 2010. No further updates will be made to this web site. Please go Cornell University’s eCommons web site to access BCERF’s archived research and educational materials (http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/handle/1813/14300).

Inert (Other) Ingredients in Pesticide Products
Bibliography

This bibliography is provided as a service to our readers. It is compiled from the entries in the BCERF Environmental Risk Factors Bibliographic Database.

This bibliography is arranged topically. The topics include:


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Definitions

EPA (2007). Inert (other) ingredients in pesticide products (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/, cited 5/16/07) (Environmental Protection Agency).

Back to the top

Categorized Lists of Inert Ingredients (by level of toxicity)

EPA (1994). Inert ingredients in pesticide products; list of minimal risk inerts (Doc ID 94-23890, Federal Register, September 28, 1994) (http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=1994_register&docid=94-23890, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency ), pp. 1-5.

EPA (1995). Inert ingredients in pesticide products; reclassification of certain List 3 inert ingredients to List 4B (Federal Register, July 7, 1995)(http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-PEST/1995/July/Day-07/pr-331.html, cited 08/01/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-5.

EPA (2004). List of inert pesticide ingredients ordered alphabetically by chemical name, list 4A, updated August 2004 (minimal risk inert ingredients) (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/inerts_list4Aname.pdf, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-7.

EPA (2006a). Inert (other) pesticide ingredients in pesticide products - categorized list of inert (other) pesticide ingredients (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/lists.html, cited 5/9/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-3.

EPA (2006b). Label review manual chapter 19: the consumer labeling initiative and pesticide labels (http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/labeling/lrm/chap-19.htm, cited 4/13/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-9.

EPA (2007). Inert ingredients in pesticide products - reassessment status list (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/decisiondoc_a2k.html, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency).

Leifer, K., and EPA (2002). List of other (inert) pesticide ingredients list 4 - inerts of minimal concern, updated December 2002 (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/inerts_list4.pdf, cited 6/13/07) (Environmental Protection Agency).

Back to the top

Strategy for Assessing the Risk and Regulating Inert Ingredients

EPA (1987). Inert ingredients in pesticide products; policy statement (effective April 22, 1987)(http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/fr52.htm, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-14.

EPA (1990). Disclosure of names of inert ingredients in currently registered pesticide products (Federal Register, August 17, 1990) (http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/regulation/pcdregs-lib/inert.ingredient.disc.html, cited 08/01/07) (Environmental Protection Agency).

EPA (2000). Pesticides; tolerance processing fees for inert ingredients (Federal Register, July 24, 2000) (http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-PEST/2000/July/Day-24/p18646.htm, 3/2/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-11.

EPA (2006a). Ecological risk assessments (http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ecosystem/ecorisk.htm, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-2.

EPA (2006b). Guidance for supporting the inert ingredients subject to the revocation notice of August 9, 2006 (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/guidance.pdf, cited 08/01/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-5.

EPA (2006c). Pesticides: regulating pesticides, inert ingredients of pesticide products, inert ingredients in pesticide products; policy statement; revision and modification of lists (http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/fr54.htm, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-6.

EPA (2006d). Pesticides: Topical and Chemical Fact Sheets; Assessing health risks from pesticides (http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/riskassess.htm, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-3.

Back to the top

Information on the Pesticide Registration Process

EPA (1984). Pesticide registration notice 84-1 (http://www.epa.gov/opppmsd1/PR_Notices/pr84-1.html, cited 2/28/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-4.

EPA (2001). Pesticide registration notice 2001-6 (http://www.epa.gov/PR_Notices/pr2001-6.pdf, cited 6/13/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-9.

EPA (2007). Information for pesticide manufacturers (http://epa.gov/ne/eco/pest/manu.html, cited 4/13/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-4.

Back to the top

Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee and Inert Disclosure Workgroup Documents

EPA (2002). Final report to the pesticide program dialogue committee on the activities of the inert disclosure stakeholder workgroup, March 2000-April 2002 (http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/cb/ppdc/inert/finalrpt.htm, cited 8/01/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-62.

EPA (2007). Pesticide program dialogue committee members list (http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ppdc/members.htm, cited 5/7/07) (Environmental Protection Agency), pp. 1-5.

Back to the top

Office of the New York State Attorney General
Documents on Inert Ingredients

NYSOAG (1998). Greenmarketing in the yellow pages: deceptive advertising of pest control services (http://www.oag.state.ny.us/environment/pestcontrol98.html, cited 2/28/07) (Office of the New York State Attorney General), pp. 1-10.

NYSOAG (2006). States petition EPA to require disclosure of secret ingredients in pesticides, press release, (http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/2006/aug/aug1a_06.html, cited 2/28/07) (Office of the New York State Attorney General), pp. 1-3.

NYSOAG, NewYork, Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, NewJersey, NewMexico, Oklahoma, RhodeIsland, USVirginIslands, and Wisconsin (2006). Petition of New York, Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, The United States Virgin Islands and Wisconsin requesting that the United States Environmental Protection Agency amend its rules governing the disclosure of "inert" ingredients on pesticide labels to require the disclosure of ingredients for which federal determinations of hazard have already been made, August 1, 2006 (pdf of petition available at http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/2006/aug/aug1a_06.html, cited 5/16/07) (Office of the New York State Attorney General), pp. 1-43.

Spitzer, E. (1999). Home and garden pesticides: questions and answers about safety and alternatives (http://www.oag.state.ny.us/environment/home_pesticides.html, cited 3/2/2007) (Office of the New York State Attorney General, Environmental Protection Bureau), pp. 1-5.

Surgan, M.H., Gershon, A.J., Lehner, P., and Spitzer, E. (2000). The secret ingredients in pesticides: reducing the risk, (http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/reports/inerts/pesticide_inerts.html, cited 2/28/07) (New York, NY, Office of the New York State Attorney General, Environmental Protection Bureau), pp. 1-35.

Back to the top

Environmental Groups
Documents on Inert Ingredients

Cox, C. (1999a). Inert ingredients in pesticides: who's keeping secrets. Journal of Pesticide Reform 19, 1-7.

Cox, C. (1999b). Inert ingredients in pesticides: who's keeping secrets, references and notes (http://www.safe2use.com/poisons-pesticides/inerts/cox-reference.htm, cited 4/23/07), pp. 1-3.

NCAP (2006a). Inerts Disclosure Campaign, doctors and environmentalists demand right to know about hidden poisons in pesticides, (http://www.pesticide.org/inertspage.html, cited, 5/7/07).

NCAP (2006b). Petition of Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides, et. al., to require disclosure of hazardous inert ingredients on pesticide product labels (http://www.pesticide.org/inertspetition2006.pdf, cited 8/01/07) (Eugene, OR, Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides).

Back to the top

Commentaries on Inert Ingredients, Risk, Regulation and Policy

Cox, C., and Surgan, M. (2006). Unidentified inert ingredients in pesticides: implications for human and environmental health. Environmental Health Perspectives 114, 1803-1806.

Séralini, G.-E. (2005). "Inert" and active ingredients: Séralini responds. Environmental Health Perspectives 113, A658.

Surgan, M. (2005). Toxicity tests: "inert" and active ingredients (letter). Environmental Health Perspectives 113, A657-A658.

Back to the top

Prepared by Laschelle Dana-Marie Stewart, student research assistant, and Suzanne M. Snedeker, Ph.D., Associate Director for Translational Research.

We will make every effort to update this bibliography. If you have comments on this bibliography, or have a suggestion of a reference you would like us to review for inclusion in the bibliography, please send this information via email to: breastcancer@cornell.edu